In attempt to measure the degree to which Mexican children are affected by the legacy of European colonialism and the present day images they are bombarded with via the media, researchers in Mexico conducted an experiment modeled after the famous 1940’s Clark study that was designed to measure skin color preference in black American children.
Mexico’s National Council to Prevent Discrimination, or CONAPRED, are circulating a video in which children who are mestizos, or half-Spanish, half-Indian, are asked to pick the “good doll,” and the doll that most resembles them. The children, mostly brown-skinned, almost uniformly say the white doll was “better” or was most like them.
“Which doll is the good doll?” a woman’s voice asks one child.
“I am not afraid of whites,” he responds, pointing to the white doll. “I have more trust.”
Mexicans who viewed the video online said that they were disturbed but not surprised by the results.
Some comments on the video have noted that the options were “very limiting” in that the children were offered only black and white, or good and bad as choices.
“It is a poorly formulated question, it is pretentious,” one viewer said on the website VivirMexico.
Others say the study reveals a deep-seated prejudice that is taught to Mexican children from an early age.
Wilner Metelus, a sociology professor and leader of a committee advocating for Afro-Mexicans and black immigrants, said the doll video shows the prevalence of racism and the need to educate young people.
“The Mexican state still does not officially recognize Afro-Mexicans. There are few texts that talk about the presence of Africans in Mexico,” Metelus said. “We need a project in the schools to show that the dark children are just the same as them, as the lighter children. And not only in schools; it is also necessary in Mexican families.”
Luz Maria Martinez, a leading anthropologist on Afro-Mexican culture, said, “We do not know how to value the indigenous culture, which is very rich, or the African culture, which is as great as any in the world.” –kathleen cross